The profession of Pathology of Speech-Language

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Speech-language pathologists give a wide variety of services, mainly on an individual basis, but also as a support for citizens, families, support groups, and providing information to the general public. Voice services begin with an initial demonstration of communication and swallowing disorders and continue with assessment and diagnosis, counseling to provide advice on management, intervention and treatment, and recommendations for providing and other developing services for these disorders. Speech-Language. We study the features of language processing for various pathologies  online praxis preparation course of the brain. First of all, we are interested in impaired speech as a result of focal brain damage. We also work with patients with brain tumors: such a lesion develops slowly, which allows the brain to reorganize speech function.

Pathology of the speech-language

Components of speech production include pronunciation, producing sound; resonance; fluency; intonation, the difference in pitch, and voice, including aeromechanical components of respiration. Language components include phonology, controlling sound according to the rules of the language; morphology, online praxis preparation course  understanding and using minimal units of value; syntax, building sentences using the rules of grammar of languages;

The approach in speech-language pathology

Several aspects of understanding and generating a linguistic form at various linguistic levels were studied: grammatical, semantic, and discursive. The revealed effects of success, speed, and qualitative features of language processing became the basis for comparing healthy and clinical populations of Russian-speaking people. The study is based on the fundamental problem of the science of language: how linguistic effects observed in patients with speech pathology are specific to this clinical population and are independent of the universal mechanisms of speech activity that are characteristic of the norm.

Purpose of the work

The purpose of the work is to prove the continuum nature of the speech norm and the existence of general mechanisms of speech activity in a healthy and clinical population. The hypotheses of the study are based on a functional approach to the language that explains speech deviations from the norm by the degree of manifestation of the same linguistic effects and strategies that are also characteristic of the norm. Moreover, the mechanisms of speech activity in non-normative groups are not considered qualitatively specific. Instead, the continuum nature of the language norm is emphasized. Particular tasks of the study are related to the empirical determination of the parameters and volume of variation of speech manifestation in normal and in patients with speech pathology – for subsequent modeling of the general mechanisms of speech activity in these two language populations.

The behavioral direction in speech languages pathology

The behavioral direction included two behavioral experiments that allow us to evaluate and compare the nature of the manifestation of speech activity in normal and pathological conditions both in ecologically valid conditions of spontaneous speech and in conditions of a rigorous psycholinguistic experiment. As part of the coulometer direction, an analysis was made of the eye movements of healthy people and patients with aphasia collected in two experiments, accompanying speech understanding and reflecting its deep lexical and syntactic mechanisms, including the causal connection of these mechanisms with other cognitive functions – such as working memory.

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